What is Decent Work?
This term is used by the International Labor Rights Organization (ILO) in Convention No. 188 to encompass decent conditions of work with regard to minimum requirements for work on board fishing vessels; conditions of service; accommodation and food; occupational safety and health protection; medical care and social security. (ILO 2017)
Decent work can be thought of as “work that is productive and delivers a fair income, security in the workplace and social protection for families, better prospects for personal development and social integration, freedom for people to express their concerns, organize and participate in the decisions that affect their lives and equality of opportunity and treatment for all women and men.” (ILO's Decent Work Agenda)
Our initiative aims to identify any relationship between decent working conditions (or lack thereof) and forced labor, so we can identify thresholds and understand how different combinations of working conditions at sea can create the enabling environment for forced labor to occur. Recognizing these enabling conditions and taking early action could cushion fishers against more severe types of human rights abuses.
The ILO Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29), defines ‘forced or compulsory labour’ (‘forced labour’) as ‘all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and to which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily’ (Article 2(1) of Convention No. 29).